October 20, 1973: The Sydney Opera House opens in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.
Photo: Opening Day of Sydney Opera House / Fairfax Media
October 15, 1888: The “From Hell” letter, believed to be written by Jack The Ripper, is sent to George Lusk, head of the Whitechapel Vigilance Committee - a group of local volunteers who patrolled the streets of London’s Whitechapel District. The letter was delivered with a small box containing half of what doctors later determined was a human kidney preserved in ethanol.
The original letter, as well as the kidney that accompanied it, have subsequently been lost along with other items that were originally contained within the Ripper police files. The image shown here is from a photograph taken before the loss.
The text of the letter reads:
I send you half the
Kidne I took from one women
prasarved it for you tother pirce
I fried and ate it was very nise I
may send you the bloody knif that
took it out if you only wate a whil
Catch me when
October 13, 1972: Uruguayan Air Force Flight 571, a chartered flight carrying 45 people, including a rugby union team, their friends, family and associates, crashes in the Andes mountains.
More than a quarter of the passengers died in the crash and several others quickly succumbed to cold and injury. Of the 27 who were alive a few days after the accident, another eight were killed by an avalanche that swept over their shelter in the wreckage. The last 16 survivors were rescued on 23 December 1972, more than two months after the crash.
The survivors had little food and no source of heat in the harsh conditions at over 11,800 ft altitude. Faced with starvation and radio news reports that the search for them had been abandoned, the survivors fed on the dead passengers who had been preserved in the snow. Rescuers did not learn of the survivors until 72 days after the crash when passengers Nando Parrado and Roberto Canessa, after a 10-day trek across the Andes, found Chilean arriero Sergio Catalán, who gave them food and then alerted the existence of the other survivors. (wikipedia.org)
Photo: This is the first photograph taken by rescuers of the 1972 Andes plane crash. (Antonio Caruso/El Pais)
October 11, 1910: Former President Theodore Roosevelt becomes the first U.S. President to fly in an airplane. He flew four minutes with Arch Hoxsey in a plane built by the Wright brothers at Kinloch Field, St. Louis, Missouri.
Filmed footage: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AKTbUI37fvc#t=31
Photo: Cole & Co./Library of Congress